What is the Common Cold?

The common cold is a viral infection that occurs in the upper respiratory tract. This disease, also known as acute cold or acute viral pharyngitis, can be caused by more than 200 viruses. However, the main cause is coronavirus or rhinovirus. The most common disease seen in humans is that the body has difficulty in resisting these viruses.

Causes of Cold

There is no one-to-one relationship between the common cold and the cold. The lower incidence of colds in some of the world's coldest places may prove that there is no clear relationship between cold and the common cold. Cold weather reduces the body's resistance. If the humidity in the air decreases with the cold, the risk of cold increases. Dry air causes the nose to dry out and the defense mechanism to deteriorate. The reason why it is more common in children is that their immunity is weaker than adults. On the other hand, frequent contact with other children in nurseries and schools also increases this risk.

Cold Symptoms

  • Symptoms begin to appear approximately 2-3 days after the virus enters the body.
  • The first symptom of a cold is a runny nose.
  • Apart from this, nasal congestion,
  • Sneeze,
  • Itching in the throat,
  • Sore throat,
  • Cough,
  • Headache may occur.
  • Even if fever occurs, it is usually mild.
  • There may be fatigue and resentment.
  • If bacteria are added to the situation, middle ear infection, sinusitis, bronchitis or pneumonia may develop. Along with these, symptoms may also change. (such as earache, discharge, phlegm, high fever...)

Is the common cold contagious?

Is the Common Cold Contagious?

Colds occur when a person is infected with viruses in nature. If a sick person comes into contact with a healthy person, he or she can infect the other party. These viruses can survive on the skin and in the external environment for 2-3 hours. While it can be transmitted through saliva, breath, shaking hands, it can also be transmitted by touching objects such as telephone handsets and money. Indoor places such as cinemas and shopping malls are always risky.

Cold Treatment

The common cold usually resolves within 1-2 weeks with mild symptoms. However, it can cause children to fall behind in school and adults in their work. Treatment is aimed at eliminating the symptoms. What needs to be done in this regard is as follows:

  • Rest
  • plenty of fluid intake
  • moisturizing the nose
  • medication aid
  • Vitamin C consumption
  • Nasal lavage and throat gargle with salt water

Flu medications sold on the market are not intended for treatment. It may help reduce symptoms but may also cause some side effects. Therefore, medication should never be consumed without a doctor's advice. Additionally, antibiotics are not used to treat colds.

What can be done to protect against colds?

  • In fact, knowing ways to prevent is more important than treatment. To prevent colds, you can pay attention to the following:
  • Be sure to wash your hands when you come from outside.
  • Avoid contact with people who harbor the virus.
  • Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing. Do this with tissues and throw them away after use. If you don't have it on hand, cover it with your clothing and sterilize your clothes when you get home. If you have to cover it with your hands, be sure to wash your hands.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Take care to eat healthy. Vitamins and minerals in natural foods strengthen your body's immune system and save you from diseases.
  • Stay away from smoking.
  • Keep the humidity of your room balanced. Especially in homes with central heating, you can keep your room humid by filling a plastic bottle with a socket.
  • In unexpected cases, contact your doctor.

how to cure a cold

Are Cold and Flu the Same Thing?

Cold and flu are different diseases. The common cold, commonly known as flu or cold, is an upper respiratory tract disease caused by more than 200 viruses, with milder symptoms. Flu is caused by a virus called influenza. Once it enters the body, it does not stay in one place and can spread throughout the body. This may cause a more severe disease process. You can find more information about this subject in our article on the differences between cold and flu.

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