It is also called “adenoid” or “adenoid gland” in medical terms. adenoid, burun boşluğunun hemen arkasında, burun ile boğaz arasında yer alan lenfatik dokulardan oluşmuş genizde bulunan bir lenfoma karakterli bademcik dokusudur. Dokular, vücudun enfeksiyonlarla savaşma işlevi gören lenfatik sistemine aittir. adenoid enlargement In children, it grows after birth and usually reaches its largest size at the age of 5-7, however, towards the end of adolescence it usually begins to shrink and in adulthood it usually does not remain at a significant size or disappears completely.

What are the symptoms of adenoid enlargement?

What is Adenoid Enlargement?adenoid enlargement Symptoms may be as follows: As its size increases, it may block the nasal passage and cause nasal congestion. This can make breathing difficult and increase mouth breathing. Due to nasal congestion, children may start breathing more through their mouth. If this condition continues for a long time, it can cause changes in facial structure and oral health problems.

It can cause narrowing of the airway and snoring during sleep. It may manifest itself with irregular snoring, especially during the night. In some children, enlarged adenoids can lead to a condition called sleep apnea. In this case, the child may experience breathing pauses during sleep, his sleep may be interrupted, and he may show symptoms such as weakness and fatigue during the day.

It may cause blockage of the eustaki canal between the middle ear and nasopharynx. This can lead to ear infections, hearing loss, or earache. Adenoid enlargement, It can cause blockage of the nasopharynx and backflow of nasal discharge into the sinuses. This may increase the risk of sinusitis.

Enlarged adenoids can cause irritation and infections in the throat, which can lead to sore throat and cough. If children have one or more of the symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor. A specialist doctor can evaluate its size through physical examination and imaging tests when necessary and offer appropriate treatment recommendations.

What Causes Adenoid Enlargement?

adenoid enlargement Reasons may include: Frequently recurring infections may cause this situation to occur. Infections can cause the adenoid to swell and produce more cells. It may also cause allergic reactions.

Exposure to allergens can cause the adenoids to become inflamed and enlarged. Exposure to cigarette smoke or polluted air can cause the adenoid to become inflamed and enlarged. Familial predisposition may increase the risk. Some immunological factors may affect it.

What is Adenoid Enlargement?What are the treatment methods?

Treatment methods include: Mild adenoid enlargement If symptoms are not severe in children with the condition, the doctor may usually choose to monitor the condition with regular checkups. If you have problems such as recurring ear infections or sinusitis due to this condition, the doctor may recommend antibiotics or other medications, but medications do not directly treat the growth, they may only help relieve symptoms.

If adenoid enlargement If it causes severe symptoms, the doctor may consider surgery. This surgery involves partial or complete removal of the adenoid. Adenoidectomy is usually performed under general anesthesia. Thanks to this surgery, the airways are opened and the symptoms are relieved.

There are some points to consider in the postoperative period: It is recommended that the child consume soft and cold foods for a few days after the surgery. If necessary, painkillers prescribed by the doctor can be used for pain and discomfort. Physical activities may be limited and the doctor's recommendations should be followed.

It is important to protect the child from infections throughout the healing process. The thing to remember is that this condition does not always require surgical intervention. It would be best to listen carefully to your doctor's recommendations and choose the appropriate treatment together when necessary.

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