It is the increase in volume or size of the ossicles called "concha" in the nose. There are a total of 6 turbinates in the nose: upper, middle and lower. The function of the turbinates is to slow down and moisten the air flow in the nose, and to prevent foreign substances in the air from going to the lungs.
However, in some cases, turbinates can grow excessively and cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, difficulty breathing, snoring and sleep apnea. In this situation, turbinate enlargement Methods such as medication, nasal spray, laser surgery or surgical intervention can be applied for treatment.
How to Understand Turbinate Enlargement?
It initially manifests itself as having problems breathing through the nose when the mouth is closed. One of the worst aspects of the disease is that it requires sleeping with the mouth open at night. Breathing through your mouth throughout the night can cause dry mouth, bad breath, snoring and tooth decay.
Symptoms such as drooling from the mouth, decreased breathing during sleep, and nasal congestion can be seen day and night, and can negatively affect the daily routine. turbinate enlargement It is especially noticeable when lying down.
In a standing or sitting position, there is less blood in the turbinates and the obstruction is less. Generally, the turbinate on the side that you lie facing during sleep swells and then opens when you turn to the other side.
Symptoms of the disease may be similar to other nasal disorders, such as nasal congestion, sleeping with your mouth open, and snoring. Therefore, it is recommended to consult an otolaryngologist for a definitive diagnosis.
How to Treat Turbinate Enlargement?
First of all, the reasons for the increase in turbinate size are investigated. Treatment may vary depending on the severity and magnitude of symptoms. Nasal sprays, medications or surgical methods can be used. Some treatment options include:
- Nasal sprays can be used to reduce congestion caused by the disease. The spray is sprayed into the nostrils and may contain steroids or antihistamines to shrink the nasal mucosa and reduce congestion. It should be used under the supervision of a doctor. Otherwise, it may cause problems due to continuous use.
- Doctors can prescribe medications to relieve symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing.
- Laser surgery is the best treatment method when nasal spray and medications are not sufficient. Laser surgery is a surgical procedure used to shrink the turbinate tissue inside the nose. A laser placed in the nostrils creates cuts in the tissue to shrink the turbinate.
- In cases where the disease is severe, surgical intervention may be necessary. During surgical intervention, some or all of the turbinates may be removed.
turbinate enlargement The most appropriate method for treatment may vary depending on the severity of symptoms and the patient's health condition. Therefore, it is recommended that you consult with your doctor to determine which treatment is right for you.